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Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1450; doi:10.3390/s17061450

Current Research in Lidar Technology Used for the Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols

1
Remote Sensing Laboratory, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
2
Ciències i Tecnologies de l’Espai–Centre de Recerca de l’Aeronàutica i de l’Espai/Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (CTE-CRAE/IEEC), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2017 / Revised: 15 June 2017 / Accepted: 16 June 2017 / Published: 20 June 2017
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Abstract

Lidars are active optical remote sensing instruments with unique capabilities for atmospheric sounding. A manifold of atmospheric variables can be profiled using different types of lidar: concentration of species, wind speed, temperature, etc. Among them, measurement of the properties of aerosol particles, whose influence in many atmospheric processes is important but is still poorly stated, stands as one of the main fields of application of current lidar systems. This paper presents a review on fundamentals, technology, methodologies and state-of-the art of the lidar systems used to obtain aerosol information. Retrieval of structural (aerosol layers profiling), optical (backscatter and extinction coefficients) and microphysical (size, shape and type) properties requires however different levels of instrumental complexity; this general outlook is structured following a classification that attends these criteria. Thus, elastic systems (detection only of emitted frequencies), Raman systems (detection also of Raman frequency-shifted spectral lines), high spectral resolution lidars, systems with depolarization measurement capabilities and multi-wavelength instruments are described, and the fundamentals in which the retrieval of aerosol parameters is based is in each case detailed. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol; lidar; review; technology aerosol; lidar; review; technology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Comerón, A.; Muñoz-Porcar, C.; Rocadenbosch, F.; Rodríguez-Gómez, A.; Sicard, M. Current Research in Lidar Technology Used for the Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols. Sensors 2017, 17, 1450.

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