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Sensors 2017, 17(4), 848; doi:10.3390/s17040848

Autonomous Car Parking System through a Cooperative Vehicular Positioning Network

Telecommunications and Systems Engineering Department, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193, Spain
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Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 7 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section State-of-the-Art Sensors Technologies)
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Abstract

The increasing development of the automotive industry towards a fully autonomous car has motivated the design of new value-added services in Vehicular Sensor Networks (VSNs). Within the context of VSNs, the autonomous car, with an increasing number of on-board sensors, is a mobile node that exchanges sensed and state information within the VSN. Among all the value added services for VSNs, the design of new intelligent parking management architectures where the autonomous car will coexist with traditional cars is mandatory in order to profit from all the opportunities associated with the increasing intelligence of the new generation of cars. In this work, we design a new smart parking system on top of a VSN that takes into account the heterogeneity of cars and provides guidance to the best parking place for the autonomous car based on a collaborative approach that searches for the common good of all of them measured by the accessibility rate, which is the ratio of the free parking places accessible for an autonomous car. Then, we simulate a real parking lot and the results show that the performance of our system is close to the optimum considering different communication ranges and penetration rates for the autonomous car. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicular communications; autonomous car; smart parking; vehicular sensor networks vehicular communications; autonomous car; smart parking; vehicular sensor networks
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Correa, A.; Boquet, G.; Morell, A.; Lopez Vicario, J. Autonomous Car Parking System through a Cooperative Vehicular Positioning Network. Sensors 2017, 17, 848.

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