The Impact of Estimating High-Resolution Tropospheric Gradients on Multi-GNSS Precise Positioning
AbstractBenefits from the modernized US Global Positioning System (GPS), the revitalized Russian GLObal NAvigation Satellite System (GLONASS), and the newly-developed Chinese BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and European Galileo, multi-constellation Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) has emerged as a powerful tool not only in positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT), but also in remote sensing of the atmosphere and ionosphere. Both precise positioning and the derivation of atmospheric parameters can benefit from multi-GNSS observations. In this contribution, extensive evaluations are conducted with multi-GNSS datasets collected from 134 globally-distributed ground stations of the International GNSS Service (IGS) Multi-GNSS Experiment (MGEX) network in July 2016. The datasets are processed in six different constellation combinations, i.e., GPS-, GLONASS-, BDS-only, GPS + GLONASS, GPS + BDS, and GPS + GLONASS + BDS + Galileo precise point positioning (PPP). Tropospheric gradients are estimated with eight different temporal resolutions, from 1 h to 24 h, to investigate the impact of estimating high-resolution gradients on position estimates. The standard deviation (STD) is used as an indicator of positioning repeatability. The results show that estimating tropospheric gradients with high temporal resolution can achieve better positioning performance than the traditional strategy in which tropospheric gradients are estimated on a daily basis. Moreover, the impact of estimating tropospheric gradients with different temporal resolutions at various elevation cutoff angles (from 3° to 20°) is investigated. It can be observed that with increasing elevation cutoff angles, the improvement in positioning repeatability is decreased. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Zhou, F.; Li, X.; Li, W.; Chen, W.; Dong, D.; Wickert, J.; Schuh, H. The Impact of Estimating High-Resolution Tropospheric Gradients on Multi-GNSS Precise Positioning. Sensors 2017, 17, 756.
Zhou F, Li X, Li W, Chen W, Dong D, Wickert J, Schuh H. The Impact of Estimating High-Resolution Tropospheric Gradients on Multi-GNSS Precise Positioning. Sensors. 2017; 17(4):756.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhou, Feng; Li, Xingxing; Li, Weiwei; Chen, Wen; Dong, Danan; Wickert, Jens; Schuh, Harald. 2017. "The Impact of Estimating High-Resolution Tropospheric Gradients on Multi-GNSS Precise Positioning." Sensors 17, no. 4: 756.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.