Quantifying Variation in Gait Features from Wearable Inertial Sensors Using Mixed Effects Models
AbstractThe emerging technology of wearable inertial sensors has shown its advantages in collecting continuous longitudinal gait data outside laboratories. This freedom also presents challenges in collecting high-fidelity gait data. In the free-living environment, without constant supervision from researchers, sensor-based gait features are susceptible to variation from confounding factors such as gait speed and mounting uncertainty, which are challenging to control or estimate. This paper is one of the first attempts in the field to tackle such challenges using statistical modeling. By accepting the uncertainties and variation associated with wearable sensor-based gait data, we shift our efforts from detecting and correcting those variations to modeling them statistically. From gait data collected on one healthy, non-elderly subject during 48 full-factorial trials, we identified four major sources of variation, and quantified their impact on one gait outcome—range per cycle—using a random effects model and a fixed effects model. The methodology developed in this paper lays the groundwork for a statistical framework to account for sources of variation in wearable gait data, thus facilitating informative statistical inference for free-living gait analysis. View Full-Text
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Cresswell, K.G.; Shin, Y.; Chen, S. Quantifying Variation in Gait Features from Wearable Inertial Sensors Using Mixed Effects Models. Sensors 2017, 17, 466.
Cresswell KG, Shin Y, Chen S. Quantifying Variation in Gait Features from Wearable Inertial Sensors Using Mixed Effects Models. Sensors. 2017; 17(3):466.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cresswell, Kellen G.; Shin, Yongyun; Chen, Shanshan. 2017. "Quantifying Variation in Gait Features from Wearable Inertial Sensors Using Mixed Effects Models." Sensors 17, no. 3: 466.
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