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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2948; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17122948

Blind Compensation of I/Q Impairments in Wireless Transceivers

iRadio Lab, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
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Received: 10 November 2017 / Revised: 15 December 2017 / Accepted: 15 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
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Abstract

The majority of techniques that deal with the mitigation of in-phase and quadrature-phase (I/Q) imbalance at the transmitter (pre-compensation) require long training sequences, reducing the throughput of the system. These techniques also require a feedback path, which adds more complexity and cost to the transmitter architecture. Blind estimation techniques are attractive for avoiding the use of long training sequences. In this paper, we propose a blind frequency-independent I/Q imbalance compensation method based on the maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of the imbalance parameters of a transceiver. A closed-form joint probability density function (PDF) for the imbalanced I and Q signals is derived and validated. ML estimation is then used to estimate the imbalance parameters using the derived joint PDF of the output I and Q signals. Various figures of merit have been used to evaluate the efficacy of the proposed approach using extensive computer simulations and measurements. Additionally, the bit error rate curves show the effectiveness of the proposed method in the presence of the wireless channel and Additive White Gaussian Noise. Real-world experimental results show an image rejection of greater than 30 dB as compared to the uncompensated system. This method has also been found to be robust in the presence of practical system impairments, such as time and phase delay mismatches. View Full-Text
Keywords: cumulative distribution function; demodulator; direct conversion transceivers; I/Q imbalance; modulator cumulative distribution function; demodulator; direct conversion transceivers; I/Q imbalance; modulator
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Aziz, M.; Ghannouchi, F.M.; Helaoui, M. Blind Compensation of I/Q Impairments in Wireless Transceivers. Sensors 2017, 17, 2948.

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