A Wavefront Division Polarimeter for the Measurements of Solute Concentrations in Solutions
AbstractPolarimeters are useful instruments that measure concentrations of optically active substances in a given solution. The conventional polarimetric principle consists of measuring the rotation angle of linearly polarized light. Here, we present a novel polarimeter based on the study of interference patterns. A Mach–Zehnder interferometer with linearly polarized light at the input is used. One beam passes through the liquid sample and the other is a reference beam. As the linearly polarized sample beam propagates through the optically active solution the vibration plane of the electric field will rotate. As a result, the visibility of the interference pattern at the interferometer output will decrease. Fringe contrast will be maximum when both beams present a polarization perpendicular to the plane of incidence. However, minimum visibility is obtained when, after propagation through the sample the polarization of the sample beam is oriented parallel to the plane of incidence. By using different solute concentrations, a calibration plot is obtained showing the behavior of visibility. View Full-Text
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Calixto, S.; Martinez-Ponce, G.; Garnica, G.; Figueroa-Gerstenmaier, S. A Wavefront Division Polarimeter for the Measurements of Solute Concentrations in Solutions. Sensors 2017, 17, 2844.
Calixto S, Martinez-Ponce G, Garnica G, Figueroa-Gerstenmaier S. A Wavefront Division Polarimeter for the Measurements of Solute Concentrations in Solutions. Sensors. 2017; 17(12):2844.Chicago/Turabian Style
Calixto, Sergio; Martinez-Ponce, Geminiano; Garnica, Guillermo; Figueroa-Gerstenmaier, Susana. 2017. "A Wavefront Division Polarimeter for the Measurements of Solute Concentrations in Solutions." Sensors 17, no. 12: 2844.
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