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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2761; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17122761

A Real-Time Robust Method to Detect BeiDou GEO/IGSO Orbital Maneuvers

College of Geology Engineering and Geomantic, Chang’an University, 126 Yanta Road, Xi’an 710054, China
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Received: 4 November 2017 / Revised: 26 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 29 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

The frequent maneuvering of BeiDou Geostationary Orbit (GEO) and Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO) satellites affects the availability of real-time orbit, and decreases the accuracy and performance of positioning, navigation and time (PNT) services. BeiDou satellite maneuver information cannot be obtained by common users. BeiDou broadcast ephemeris is the only indicator of the health status of satellites, which are broadcast on an hourly basis, easily leading to ineffective observations. Sometimes, identification errors of satellite abnormity also appear in the broadcast ephemeris. This study presents a real-time robust detection method for a satellite orbital maneuver with high frequency and high reliability. By using the broadcast ephemeris and pseudo-range observations, the time discrimination factor and the satellite identification factor were defined and used for the real-time detection of start time and the pseudo-random noise code (PRN) of satellites was used for orbital maneuvers. Data from a Multi-GNSS Experiment (MGEX) was collected and analyzed. The results show that the start time and the PRN of the satellite orbital maneuver could be detected accurately in real time. In addition, abnormal start times and satellite abnormities caused by non-maneuver factors also could be detected using the proposed method. The new method not only improves the utilization of observations for users with the data effective for about 92 min, but also promotes the reliability of real-time PNT services. View Full-Text
Keywords: GEO/IGSO; real-time; orbital maneuver; time discrimination; satellite identification GEO/IGSO; real-time; orbital maneuver; time discrimination; satellite identification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Huang, G.; Qin, Z.; Zhang, Q.; Wang, L.; Yan, X.; Fan, L.; Wang, X. A Real-Time Robust Method to Detect BeiDou GEO/IGSO Orbital Maneuvers. Sensors 2017, 17, 2761.

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