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Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2308; doi:10.3390/s17102308

Creating Affording Situations: Coaching through Animate Objects

School of Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Technische Universität Munchen, 80992 Munchen, Germany
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 July 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 3 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Sensing Technologies for Personalised Coaching)
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We explore the ways in which animate objects can be used to cue actions as part of coaching in Activities of Daily Living (ADL). In this case, changing the appearance or behavior of a physical object is intended to cue actions which are appropriate for a given context. The context is defined by the intention of the users, the state of the objects and the tasks for which these objects can be used. We present initial design prototypes and simple user trials which explore the impact of different cues on activity. It is shown that raising the handle of a jug, for example, not only cues the act of picking up the jug but also encourages use of the hand adjacent to the handle; that combinations of lights (on the objects) and auditory cues influence activity through reducing uncertainty; and that cueing can challenge pre-learned action sequences. We interpret these results in terms of the idea that the animate objects can be used to create affording situations, and discuss implications of this work to support relearning of ADL following brain damage or injury, such as might arise following a stroke. View Full-Text
Keywords: tangible user interface; affordance; multimodal cueing; animate objects; activities of daily living tangible user interface; affordance; multimodal cueing; animate objects; activities of daily living

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Baber, C.; Khattab, A.; Russell, M.; Hermsdörfer, J.; Wing, A. Creating Affording Situations: Coaching through Animate Objects. Sensors 2017, 17, 2308.

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