Depth Errors Analysis and Correction for Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras
AbstractTime-of-Flight (ToF) cameras, a technology which has developed rapidly in recent years, are 3D imaging sensors providing a depth image as well as an amplitude image with a high frame rate. As a ToF camera is limited by the imaging conditions and external environment, its captured data are always subject to certain errors. This paper analyzes the influence of typical external distractions including material, color, distance, lighting, etc. on the depth error of ToF cameras. Our experiments indicated that factors such as lighting, color, material, and distance could cause different influences on the depth error of ToF cameras. However, since the forms of errors are uncertain, it’s difficult to summarize them in a unified law. To further improve the measurement accuracy, this paper proposes an error correction method based on Particle Filter-Support Vector Machine (PF-SVM). Moreover, the experiment results showed that this method can effectively reduce the depth error of ToF cameras to 4.6 mm within its full measurement range (0.5–5 m). View Full-Text
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He, Y.; Liang, B.; Zou, Y.; He, J.; Yang, J. Depth Errors Analysis and Correction for Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras. Sensors 2017, 17, 92.
He Y, Liang B, Zou Y, He J, Yang J. Depth Errors Analysis and Correction for Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras. Sensors. 2017; 17(1):92.Chicago/Turabian Style
He, Ying; Liang, Bin; Zou, Yu; He, Jin; Yang, Jun. 2017. "Depth Errors Analysis and Correction for Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras." Sensors 17, no. 1: 92.
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