Next Article in Journal
A Simple Interfacial Platform for Homogeneous Electrochemical Immunoassays Using a Poly(Vinylimidazole)-Modified Electrode
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluating the More Suitable ISM Frequency Band for IoT-Based Smart Grids: A Quantitative Study of 915 MHz vs. 2400 MHz
Previous Article in Journal
Relative Estimation of Water Content for Flat-Type Inductive-Based Oil Palm Fruit Maturity Sensor
Previous Article in Special Issue
Novel Resistance Measurement Method: Analysis of Accuracy and Thermal Dependence with Applications in Fiber Materials
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2017, 17(1), 55; doi:10.3390/s17010055

Honey Bee Colonies Remote Monitoring System

1
Department of Zoology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba 14071, Spain
2
Department of Computer Architecture, Electronics and Electronic Technology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba 14071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gonzalo Pajares Martinsanz
Received: 26 November 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 26 December 2016 / Published: 29 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [16437 KB, uploaded 30 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Bees are very important for terrestrial ecosystems and, above all, for the subsistence of many crops, due to their ability to pollinate flowers. Currently, the honey bee populations are decreasing due to colony collapse disorder (CCD). The reasons for CCD are not fully known, and as a result, it is essential to obtain all possible information on the environmental conditions surrounding the beehives. On the other hand, it is important to carry out such information gathering as non-intrusively as possible to avoid modifying the bees’ work conditions and to obtain more reliable data. We designed a wireless-sensor networks meet these requirements. We designed a remote monitoring system (called WBee) based on a hierarchical three-level model formed by the wireless node, a local data server, and a cloud data server. WBee is a low-cost, fully scalable, easily deployable system with regard to the number and types of sensors and the number of hives and their geographical distribution. WBee saves the data in each of the levels if there are failures in communication. In addition, the nodes include a backup battery, which allows for further data acquisition and storage in the event of a power outage. Unlike other systems that monitor a single point of a hive, the system we present monitors and stores the temperature and relative humidity of the beehive in three different spots. Additionally, the hive is continuously weighed on a weighing scale. Real-time weight measurement is an innovation in wireless beehive—monitoring systems. We designed an adaptation board to facilitate the connection of the sensors to the node. Through the Internet, researchers and beekeepers can access the cloud data server to find out the condition of their hives in real time. View Full-Text
Keywords: precision beekeeping; precision apiculture; bee colony monitoring; wireless sensor network; internet of things precision beekeeping; precision apiculture; bee colony monitoring; wireless sensor network; internet of things
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gil-Lebrero, S.; Quiles-Latorre, F.J.; Ortiz-López, M.; Sánchez-Ruiz, V.; Gámiz-López, V.; Luna-Rodríguez, J.J. Honey Bee Colonies Remote Monitoring System. Sensors 2017, 17, 55.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top