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Sensors 2017, 17(1), 165; doi:10.3390/s17010165

Optical Tip Clearance Measurements as a Tool for Rotating Disk Characterization

Department of Communications Engineering, E.T.S.I. of Bilbao, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Alda. Urquijo s/n Bilbao 48013, Spain
CTA, Aeronautical Technologies Center, Bizkaia Technological Park, Zamudio 48170, Spain
Department of Nuclear Engineering and Fluid Mechanics, E.T.S.I. of Bilbao, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Bilbao 48013, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Thierry Bosch and Aleksandar D. Rakić and Santiago Royo
Received: 22 November 2016 / Revised: 5 January 2017 / Accepted: 10 January 2017 / Published: 15 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3839 KB, uploaded 20 January 2017]   |  


An experimental investigation on the vibrational behavior of a rotating disk by means of three optical fiber sensors is presented. The disk, which is a scale model of the real disk of an aircraft engine, was assembled in a wind tunnel in order to simulate real operation conditions. The pressure difference between the upstream and downstream sides of the disk causes an airflow that might force the disk to vibrate. To characterize this vibration, a set of parameters was determined by measuring the tip clearance of the disk: the amplitude, the frequency and the number of nodal diameters in the disk. All this information allowed the design of an upgraded prototype of the disk, whose performance was also characterized by the same method. An optical system was employed for the measurements, in combination with a strain gauge mounted on the disk surface, which served to confirm the results obtained. The data of the strain gauge coincided closely with those provided by the optical fiber sensors, thus demonstrating the suitability of this innovative technique to evaluate the vibrational behavior of rotating disks. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical fiber sensor; rotating disk; tip clearance; vibration measurement; nodal diameter optical fiber sensor; rotating disk; tip clearance; vibration measurement; nodal diameter

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

García, I.; Zubia, J.; Beloki, J.; Arrue, J.; Durana, G.; Aldabaldetreku, G. Optical Tip Clearance Measurements as a Tool for Rotating Disk Characterization. Sensors 2017, 17, 165.

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