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Sensors 2017, 17(1), 157; doi:10.3390/s17010157

Fabrication of a Miniature Multi-Parameter Sensor Chip for Water Quality Assessment

1
State Key Laboratory of Transducer Technology, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2
School of Electronic, Electrical and Communication Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 5 January 2017 / Accepted: 9 January 2017 / Published: 14 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3933 KB, uploaded 14 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Water contamination is a main inducement of human diseases. It is an important step to monitor the water quality in the water distribution system. Due to the features of large size, high cost, and complicated structure of traditional water determination sensors and devices, it is difficult to realize real-time water monitoring on a large scale. In this paper, we present a multi-parameter sensor chip, which is miniature, low-cost, and robust, to detect the pH, conductivity, and temperature of water simultaneously. The sensor chip was fabricated using micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) techniques. Iridium oxide film was electrodeposited as the pH-sensing material. The atomic ratio of Ir(III) to Ir(IV) is about 1.38 according to the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. The pH sensing electrode showed super-Nernstian response (−67.60 mV/pH) and good linearity (R2 = 0.9997), in the range of pH 2.22 to pH 11.81. KCl-agar and epoxy were used as the electrolyte layer and liquid junction for the solid-state reference electrode, respectively, and its potential stability in deionized water was 56 h. The conductivity cell exhibited a linear determination range from 21.43 μ S / cm to 1.99 mS / cm , and the electrode constant was 1.566 cm−1. Sensitivity of the temperature sensor was 5.46 Ω / ° C . The results indicate that the developed sensor chip has potential application in water quality measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; MEMS; pH electrode; conductivity cell; iridium oxide; electrodeposition water quality; MEMS; pH electrode; conductivity cell; iridium oxide; electrodeposition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhou, B.; Bian, C.; Tong, J.; Xia, S. Fabrication of a Miniature Multi-Parameter Sensor Chip for Water Quality Assessment. Sensors 2017, 17, 157.

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