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Sensors 2016, 16(9), 1515; doi:10.3390/s16091515

Flexible Touch Sensors Made of Two Layers of Printed Conductive Flexible Adhesives

1
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
2
Department of Nature-Inspired Nano Convergence Systems, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon 34103, Korea
3
Hyundai Motor Company, Hwaseong 440-130, Korea
4
Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuela Vieira
Received: 16 June 2016 / Revised: 9 September 2016 / Accepted: 13 September 2016 / Published: 16 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7892 KB, uploaded 16 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Touch sensors are crucial in controlling robotic manipulation when a robot interacts with environmental objects. In this study, multilayer flexible touch sensors in the form of an array were developed. The sensors use ink-type conductive flexible adhesives as electrodes which were printed on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films in a parallel equidistance stripe pattern. Between the two printed layers, a double-sided adhesive film was used to combine each layer and was perforated at the junctions of the top and bottom electrodes with different-sized circles. These holes represent switching mechanisms between the top and bottom electrodes, and their sizes make the sensor respond to different levels of external pressure. We showed the durability of the fabricated sensor with 1 mm diameter holes by repeated experiments of exerting normal pressure ranging from 0 to 159.15 kPa for 1000 cycles. In case of 1 mm diameter holes, the state of each sensor node was reliably determined by the threshold pressures of 127.3 kPa for increasing pressure and 111.4 kPa for decreasing pressure. On the other hand, decreasing the hole size from 3 to 0.5 mm caused an increase in the threshold pressure from 1.41 to 214 kPa. The relation between the hole size and the threshold pressure was analyzed by a mechanical model. The sensor performance was also verified on curved surfaces up to 60 mm radius of curvatures. Additionally, we fabricated a sensor with three levels of sensitivity with a conventional method which was a thermal evaporation to show the extendibility of the idea. View Full-Text
Keywords: touch sensor; printable; conductive flexible adhesives; robotic application touch sensor; printable; conductive flexible adhesives; robotic application
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, S.; Kim, S.; Jung, J.; Ma, R.; Baik, S.; Moon, H. Flexible Touch Sensors Made of Two Layers of Printed Conductive Flexible Adhesives. Sensors 2016, 16, 1515.

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