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Sensors 2016, 16(9), 1369; doi:10.3390/s16091369

On-Chip Magnetic Bead Manipulation and Detection Using a Magnetoresistive Sensor-Based Micro-Chip: Design Considerations and Experimental Characterization

Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955, Saudi Arabia
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Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 21 June 2016 / Revised: 12 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Giant Magnetoresistive Sensors)
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Abstract

The remarkable advantages micro-chip platforms offer over cumbersome, time-consuming equipment currently in use for bio-analysis are well documented. In this research, a micro-chip that includes a unique magnetic actuator (MA) for the manipulation of superparamagnetic beads (SPBs), and a magnetoresistive sensor for the detection of SPBs is presented. A design methodology, which takes into account the magnetic volume of SPBs, diffusion and heat transfer phenomena, is presented with the aid of numerical analysis to optimize the parameters of the MA. The MA was employed as a magnetic flux generator and experimental analysis with commercially available COMPEL™ and Dynabeads® demonstrated the ability of the MA to precisely transport a small number of SPBs over long distances and concentrate SPBs to a sensing site for detection. Moreover, the velocities of COMPEL™ and Dynabead® SPBs were correlated to their magnetic volumes and were in good agreement with numerical model predictions. We found that 2.8 μm Dynabeads® travel faster, and can be attracted to a magnetic source from a longer distance, than 6.2 μm COMPEL™ beads at magnetic flux magnitudes of less than 10 mT. The micro-chip system could easily be integrated with electronic circuitry and microfluidic functions, paving the way for an on-chip biomolecule quantification device. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetoresistive sensor; superparamagnetic beads; micro-chip; micro-actuator; nanoparticles; magnetophoresis; magnetic detection; numerical analysis; lab-on-a-chip; microfabrication magnetoresistive sensor; superparamagnetic beads; micro-chip; micro-actuator; nanoparticles; magnetophoresis; magnetic detection; numerical analysis; lab-on-a-chip; microfabrication
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gooneratne, C.P.; Kodzius, R.; Li, F.; Foulds, I.G.; Kosel, J. On-Chip Magnetic Bead Manipulation and Detection Using a Magnetoresistive Sensor-Based Micro-Chip: Design Considerations and Experimental Characterization. Sensors 2016, 16, 1369.

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