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Sensors 2016, 16(7), 985; doi:10.3390/s16070985

Time and Energy Efficient Relay Transmission for Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor Networks

1
Research Institute of Information Science and Engineering, Mokpo National University, Mokpo city 530-729, Korea
2
Department of Applied Physics I, University of Malaga, Avenida Cervantes, 2, Málaga 29071, Spain
3
Department of Mechatronics, Incheon National University, Incheon city 406-772, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Boon-Chong Seet
Received: 5 March 2016 / Revised: 20 June 2016 / Accepted: 23 June 2016 / Published: 27 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)

Abstract

The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is widely recognized as one of the most successful enabling technologies for short range low rate wireless communications and it is used in IoT applications. It covers all the details related to the MAC and PHY layers of the IoT protocol stack. Due to the nature of IoT, the wireless sensor networks are autonomously self-organized networks without infrastructure support. One of the issues in IoT is the network scalability. To address this issue, it is necessary to support the multi-hop topology. The IEEE 802.15.4 network can support a star, peer-to-peer, or cluster-tree topology. One of the IEEE 802.15.4 topologies suited for the high predictability of performance guarantees and energy efficient behavior is a cluster-tree topology where sensor nodes can switch off their transceivers and go into a sleep state to save energy. However, the IEEE 802.15.4 cluster-tree topology may not be able to provide sufficient bandwidth for the increased traffic load and the additional information may not be delivered successfully. The common drawback of the existing approaches is that they do not address the poor bandwidth utilization problem in IEEE 802.15.4 cluster-tree networks, so it is difficult to increase the network performance. Therefore, to solve this problem in this paper we study a relay transmission protocol based on the standard protocol in the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC. In the proposed scheme, the coordinators can relay data frames to their parent devices or their children devices without contention and can provide bandwidth for the increased traffic load or the number of devices. We also evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme through simulation. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can improve the reliability, the end-to-end delay, and the energy consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; IEEE 802.15.4; relay communication; wireless sensor network Internet of Things; IEEE 802.15.4; relay communication; wireless sensor network
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, J.-W.; Barrado, J.R.R.; Jeon, D.-K. Time and Energy Efficient Relay Transmission for Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2016, 16, 985.

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