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Sensors 2016, 16(6), 876; doi:10.3390/s16060876

Using the Fingerprinting Method to Customize RTLS Based on the AoA Ranging Technique

1
Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, G. Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
2
Department of Applied Signal Processing, Blekinge Institute of Technology, 371 79 Karlskrona, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ferran Martín and Jordi Naqui
Received: 28 April 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 2 June 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016

Abstract

Real-time Locating Systems (RTLSs) have the ability to precisely locate the position of things and people in real time. They are needed for security and emergency applications, but also for healthcare and home care appliances. The research aims for developing an analytical method to customize RTLSs, in order to improve localization performance in terms of precision. The proposed method is based on Angle of Arrival (AoA), a ranging technique and fingerprinting method along with an analytically defined uncertainty of AoA, and a localization uncertainty map. The presented solution includes three main concerns: geometry of indoor space, RTLS arrangement, and a statistical approach to localization precision of a pair of location sensors using an AoA signal. An evaluation of the implementation of the customized RTLS validates the analytical model of the fingerprinting map. The results of simulations and physical experiments verify the proposed method. The research confirms that the analytically established fingerprint map is the valid representation of RTLS’ performance in terms of precision. Furthermore, the research demonstrates an impact of workspace geometry and workspace layout onto the RTLS’ performance. Moreover, the studies show how the size and shape of a workspace and the placement of the calibration point affect the fingerprint map. Withal, the performance investigation defines the most effective arrangement of location sensors and its influence on localization precision. View Full-Text
Keywords: accuracy and precision; angle of arrival; calibration point; fingerprinting method; indoor localization systems; uncertainty map; real-time locating systems accuracy and precision; angle of arrival; calibration point; fingerprinting method; indoor localization systems; uncertainty map; real-time locating systems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jachimczyk, B.; Dziak, D.; Kulesza, W.J. Using the Fingerprinting Method to Customize RTLS Based on the AoA Ranging Technique. Sensors 2016, 16, 876.

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