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Sensors 2016, 16(6), 797; doi:10.3390/s16060797

Characterisation of Phosphate Accumulating Organisms and Techniques for Polyphosphate Detection: A Review

1
Natural Products and Industrial Biochemistry Research Group (NPIB), Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, 19 Nguyen Huu Tho, Tan Phong Ward, District 7, 700000 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2
Microbial Processes and Interactions, Bât. G1 Bio-Industries, Passage des Déportés 2, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
3
Department of Applied Analytical and Physical Chemistry, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Applied Ecochemistry, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bayden Wood
Received: 4 March 2016 / Revised: 19 May 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 31 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [965 KB, uploaded 31 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Phosphate minerals have long been used for the production of phosphorus-based chemicals used in many economic sectors. However, these resources are not renewable and the natural phosphate stocks are decreasing. In this context, the research of new phosphate sources has become necessary. Many types of wastes contain non-negligible phosphate concentrations, such as wastewater. In wastewater treatment plants, phosphorus is eliminated by physicochemical and/or biological techniques. In this latter case, a specific microbiota, phosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs), accumulates phosphate as polyphosphate. This molecule can be considered as an alternative phosphate source, and is directly extracted from wastewater generated by human activities. This review focuses on the techniques which can be applied to enrich and try to isolate these PAOs, and to detect the presence of polyphosphate in microbial cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: PAO; polyphosphate; detection; single cell technologies PAO; polyphosphate; detection; single cell technologies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tarayre, C.; Nguyen, H.-T.; Brognaux, A.; Delepierre, A.; De Clercq, L.; Charlier, R.; Michels, E.; Meers, E.; Delvigne, F. Characterisation of Phosphate Accumulating Organisms and Techniques for Polyphosphate Detection: A Review. Sensors 2016, 16, 797.

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