Radiometric Calibration of a Dual-Wavelength, Full-Waveform Terrestrial Lidar
AbstractRadiometric calibration of the Dual-Wavelength Echidna® Lidar (DWEL), a full-waveform terrestrial laser scanner with two simultaneously-pulsing infrared lasers at 1064 nm and 1548 nm, provides accurate dual-wavelength apparent reflectance (ρapp), a physically-defined value that is related to the radiative and structural characteristics of scanned targets and independent of range and instrument optics and electronics. The errors of ρapp are 8.1% for 1064 nm and 6.4% for 1548 nm. A sensitivity analysis shows that ρapp error is dominated by range errors at near ranges, but by lidar intensity errors at far ranges. Our semi-empirical model for radiometric calibration combines a generalized logistic function to explicitly model telescopic effects due to defocusing of return signals at near range with a negative exponential function to model the fall-off of return intensity with range. Accurate values of ρapp from the radiometric calibration improve the quantification of vegetation structure, facilitate the comparison and coupling of lidar datasets from different instruments, campaigns or wavelengths and advance the utilization of bi- and multi-spectral information added to 3D scans by novel spectral lidars. View Full-Text
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Li, Z.; Jupp, D.L.B.; Strahler, A.H.; Schaaf, C.B.; Howe, G.; Hewawasam, K.; Douglas, E.S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Cook, T.A.; Paynter, I.; Saenz, E.J.; Schaefer, M. Radiometric Calibration of a Dual-Wavelength, Full-Waveform Terrestrial Lidar. Sensors 2016, 16, 313.
Li Z, Jupp DLB, Strahler AH, Schaaf CB, Howe G, Hewawasam K, Douglas ES, Chakrabarti S, Cook TA, Paynter I, Saenz EJ, Schaefer M. Radiometric Calibration of a Dual-Wavelength, Full-Waveform Terrestrial Lidar. Sensors. 2016; 16(3):313.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Zhan; Jupp, David L.B.; Strahler, Alan H.; Schaaf, Crystal B.; Howe, Glenn; Hewawasam, Kuravi; Douglas, Ewan S.; Chakrabarti, Supriya; Cook, Timothy A.; Paynter, Ian; Saenz, Edward J.; Schaefer, Michael. 2016. "Radiometric Calibration of a Dual-Wavelength, Full-Waveform Terrestrial Lidar." Sensors 16, no. 3: 313.
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