Next Article in Journal
Last Advances in Silicon-Based Optical Biosensors
Next Article in Special Issue
Wearable Sensor Localization Considering Mixed Distributed Sources in Health Monitoring Systems
Previous Article in Journal
A New MAC Address Spoofing Detection Technique Based on Random Forests
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Compressed Sensing-Based Wearable Sensor Network for Quantitative Assessment of Stroke Patients
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2016, 16(3), 284; doi:10.3390/s16030284

Towards Reliable and Energy-Efficient Incremental Cooperative Communication for Wireless Body Area Networks

1
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
Cameron Library, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2J8, Canada
3
College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11633, Saudi Arabia
4
Faculty of Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3J 4R2, Canada
5
Computer Information Science, Higher Colleges of Technology, Fujairah 4114, United Arab Emirates
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yun Liu, Han-Chieh Chao, Pony Chu and Wendong Xiao
Received: 7 December 2015 / Revised: 7 February 2016 / Accepted: 14 February 2016 / Published: 24 February 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [542 KB, uploaded 24 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this study, we analyse incremental cooperative communication for wireless body area networks (WBANs) with different numbers of relays. Energy efficiency (EE) and the packet error rate (PER) are investigated for different schemes. We propose a new cooperative communication scheme with three-stage relaying and compare it to existing schemes. Our proposed scheme provides reliable communication with less PER at the cost of surplus energy consumption. Analytical expressions for the EE of the proposed three-stage cooperative communication scheme are also derived, taking into account the effect of PER. Later on, the proposed three-stage incremental cooperation is implemented in a network layer protocol; enhanced incremental cooperative critical data transmission in emergencies for static WBANs (EInCo-CEStat). Extensive simulations are conducted to validate the proposed scheme. Results of incremental relay-based cooperative communication protocols are compared to two existing cooperative routing protocols: cooperative critical data transmission in emergencies for static WBANs (Co-CEStat) and InCo-CEStat. It is observed from the simulation results that incremental relay-based cooperation is more energy efficient than the existing conventional cooperation protocol, Co-CEStat. The results also reveal that EInCo-CEStat proves to be more reliable with less PER and higher throughput than both of the counterpart protocols. However, InCo-CEStat has less throughput with a greater stability period and network lifetime. Due to the availability of more redundant links, EInCo-CEStat achieves a reduced packet drop rate at the cost of increased energy consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless body area networks; energy consumption; reliability; relaying; incremental cooperative communication; routing wireless body area networks; energy consumption; reliability; relaying; incremental cooperative communication; routing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yousaf, S.; Javaid, N.; Qasim, U.; Alrajeh, N.; Khan, Z.A.; Ahmed, M. Towards Reliable and Energy-Efficient Incremental Cooperative Communication for Wireless Body Area Networks. Sensors 2016, 16, 284.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top