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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2199; doi:10.3390/s16122199

Diverse Planning for UAV Control and Remote Sensing

AI Center, Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 166 27 Praha 6, Czech Republic
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Felipe Gonzalez Toro and Antonios Tsourdos
Received: 6 October 2016 / Revised: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 15 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue UAV-Based Remote Sensing)
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Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are suited to various remote sensing missions, such as measuring air quality. The conventional method of UAV control is by human operators. Such an approach is limited by the ability of cooperation among the operators controlling larger fleets of UAVs in a shared area. The remedy for this is to increase autonomy of the UAVs in planning their trajectories by considering other UAVs and their plans. To provide such improvement in autonomy, we need better algorithms for generating alternative trajectory variants that the UAV coordination algorithms can utilize. In this article, we define a novel family of multi-UAV sensing problems, solving task allocation of huge number of tasks (tens of thousands) to a group of configurable UAVs with non-zero weight of equipped sensors (comprising the air quality measurement as well) together with two base-line solvers. To solve the problem efficiently, we use an algorithm for diverse trajectory generation and integrate it with a solver for the multi-UAV coordination problem. Finally, we experimentally evaluate the multi-UAV sensing problem solver. The evaluation is done on synthetic and real-world-inspired benchmarks in a multi-UAV simulator. Results show that diverse planning is a valuable method for remote sensing applications containing multiple UAVs. View Full-Text
Keywords: diverse planning; UAV; remote sensing diverse planning; UAV; remote sensing
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Tožička, J.; Komenda, A. Diverse Planning for UAV Control and Remote Sensing. Sensors 2016, 16, 2199.

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