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Sensors 2016, 16(11), 1968; doi:10.3390/s16111968

State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities

Department of Computing and Numerical Analysis, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
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Academic Editors: Andrea Zanella and Toktam Mahmoodi
Received: 6 August 2016 / Revised: 10 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 23 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart City: Vision and Reality)
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Abstract

The current social impact of new technologies has produced major changes in all areas of society, creating the concept of a smart city supported by an electronic infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology. This paper presents a review of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Near Field Communication (NFC) and Visible Light Communication (VLC) and their use and influence within different areas of the development of the smart city. The document also presents a review of Big Data Solutions for the management of information and the extraction of knowledge in an environment where things are connected by an “Internet of Things” (IoT) network. Lastly, we present how these technologies can be combined together to benefit the development of the smart city. View Full-Text
Keywords: NFC; BLE; VLC; IoT; IoE; smart city NFC; BLE; VLC; IoT; IoE; smart city
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cerruela García, G.; Luque Ruiz, I.; Gómez-Nieto, M.Á. State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities. Sensors 2016, 16, 1968.

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