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Sensors 2016, 16(11), 1877; doi:10.3390/s16111877

A Laser-Based Measuring System for Online Quality Control of Car Engine Block

State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
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Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 7 September 2016 / Revised: 25 October 2016 / Accepted: 3 November 2016 / Published: 8 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

For online quality control of car engine production, pneumatic measurement instrument plays an unshakeable role in measuring diameters inside engine block because of its portability and high-accuracy. To the limitation of its measuring principle, however, the working space between the pneumatic device and measured surface is too small to require manual operation. This lowers the measuring efficiency and becomes an obstacle to perform automatic measurement. In this article, a high-speed, automatic measuring system is proposed to take the place of pneumatic devices by using a laser-based measuring unit. The measuring unit is considered as a set of several measuring modules, where each of them acts like a single bore gauge and is made of four laser triangulation sensors (LTSs), which are installed on different positions and in opposite directions. The spatial relationship among these LTSs was calibrated before measurements. Sampling points from measured shaft holes can be collected by the measuring unit. A unified mathematical model was established for both calibration and measurement. Based on the established model, the relative pose between the measuring unit and measured workpiece does not impact the measuring accuracy. This frees the measuring unit from accurate positioning or adjustment, and makes it possible to realize fast and automatic measurement. The proposed system and method were finally validated by experiments. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical inspection; inner dimension; laser triangulation sensor optical inspection; inner dimension; laser triangulation sensor
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Li, X.-Q.; Wang, Z.; Fu, L.-H. A Laser-Based Measuring System for Online Quality Control of Car Engine Block. Sensors 2016, 16, 1877.

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