Data-Gathering Scheme Using AUVs in Large-Scale Underwater Sensor Networks: A Multihop Approach
AbstractIn this paper, we propose a data-gathering scheme for hierarchical underwater sensor networks, where multiple Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) are deployed over large-scale coverage areas. The deployed AUVs constitute an intermittently connected multihop network through inter-AUV synchronization (in this paper, synchronization means an interconnection between nodes for communication) for forwarding data to the designated sink. In such a scenario, the performance of the multihop communication depends upon the synchronization among the vehicles. The mobility parameters of the vehicles vary continuously because of the constantly changing underwater currents. The variations in the AUV mobility parameters reduce the inter-AUV synchronization frequency contributing to delays in the multihop communication. The proposed scheme improves the AUV synchronization frequency by permitting neighboring AUVs to share their status information via a pre-selected node called an agent-node at the static layer of the network. We evaluate the proposed scheme in terms of the AUV synchronization frequency, vertical delay (node→AUV), horizontal delay (AUV→AUV), end-to-end delay, and the packet loss ratio. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme significantly reduces the aforementioned delays without the synchronization time-out process employed in conventional works. View Full-Text
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Khan, J.U.; Cho, H.-S. Data-Gathering Scheme Using AUVs in Large-Scale Underwater Sensor Networks: A Multihop Approach. Sensors 2016, 16, 1626.
Khan JU, Cho H-S. Data-Gathering Scheme Using AUVs in Large-Scale Underwater Sensor Networks: A Multihop Approach. Sensors. 2016; 16(10):1626.Chicago/Turabian Style
Khan, Jawaad U.; Cho, Ho-Shin. 2016. "Data-Gathering Scheme Using AUVs in Large-Scale Underwater Sensor Networks: A Multihop Approach." Sensors 16, no. 10: 1626.
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