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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1571; doi:10.3390/s16101571

A Novel Petri Nets-Based Modeling Method for the Interaction between the Sensor and the Geographic Environment in Emerging Sensor Networks

1
College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, Michigan, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu Hen Hu
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 11 September 2016 / Accepted: 19 September 2016 / Published: 25 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Topology Control in Emerging Sensor Networks)

Abstract

The service of sensor device in Emerging Sensor Networks (ESNs) is the extension of traditional Web services. Through the sensor network, the service of sensor device can communicate directly with the entity in the geographic environment, and even impact the geographic entity directly. The interaction between the sensor device in ESNs and geographic environment is very complex, and the interaction modeling is a challenging problem. This paper proposed a novel Petri Nets-based modeling method for the interaction between the sensor device and the geographic environment. The feature of the sensor device service in ESNs is more easily affected by the geographic environment than the traditional Web service. Therefore, the response time, the fault-tolerant ability and the resource consumption become important factors in the performance of the whole sensor application system. Thus, this paper classified IoT services as Sensing services and Controlling services according to the interaction between IoT service and geographic entity, and classified GIS services as data services and processing services. Then, this paper designed and analyzed service algebra and Colored Petri Nets model to modeling the geo-feature, IoT service, GIS service and the interaction process between the sensor and the geographic enviroment. At last, the modeling process is discussed by examples. View Full-Text
Keywords: Emerging Sensor Networks; topology management; Internet of Things; geographic environment; interaction modeling Emerging Sensor Networks; topology management; Internet of Things; geographic environment; interaction modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, F.; Xu, Y.; Chou, J. A Novel Petri Nets-Based Modeling Method for the Interaction between the Sensor and the Geographic Environment in Emerging Sensor Networks. Sensors 2016, 16, 1571.

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