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Sensors 2016, 16(1), 116; doi:10.3390/s16010116

Quantitative Evaluation System of Soft Neurological Signs for Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

1
Graduate School of Systems Life Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-Ku, Fukuoka-Shi, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
2
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-Machi, Kurume-Shi, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan
3
Faculty of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-Ku, Fukuoka-Shi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yoshiteru Ishida and Masahiro Tokumitsu
Received: 16 November 2015 / Revised: 25 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Japan 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [828 KB, uploaded 2 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Soft neurological signs (SNS) are minor neurological abnormalities in motor performance, and are used as one evaluation method for neurodevelopmental delays in children with ADHD. Our aim is to establish a quantitative evaluation system for children with ADHD. We focused on the arm movement called pronation and supination, which is one such soft neurological sign. Thirty three children with ADHD aged 7–11 years (27 males, six females) and twenty five adults participants aged 21–29 years old (19 males, six females) participated in our experiments. Our results suggested that the pronation and supination function in children with ADHD has a tendency to lag behind that of typically developing children by several years. From these results, our system has a possibility to objectively evaluate the neurodevelopmental delay of children with ADHD. View Full-Text
Keywords: acceleration and angular velocity sensors; motion analysis; soft neurological signs; pronation; supination; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder acceleration and angular velocity sensors; motion analysis; soft neurological signs; pronation; supination; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kaneko, M.; Yamashita, Y.; Iramina, K. Quantitative Evaluation System of Soft Neurological Signs for Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Sensors 2016, 16, 116.

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