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Sensors 2015, 15(8), 18851-18864; doi:10.3390/s150818851

Mechanical and Electrical Characterization of Piezoelectric Artificial Cochlear Device and Biocompatible Packaging

Department of Nature-Inspired Nanoconvergence System, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon 304-343, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Received: 1 July 2015 / Revised: 24 July 2015 / Accepted: 27 July 2015 / Published: 31 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6365 KB, uploaded 31 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents the development of a piezoelectric artificial cochlea (PAC) device capable of analyzing vibratory signal inputs and converting them into electrical signal outputs without an external power source by mimicking the function of human cochlea within an audible frequency range. The PAC consists of an artificial basilar membrane (ABM) part and an implantable packaged part. The packaged part provides a liquid environment through which incoming vibrations are transmitted to the membrane part. The membrane part responds to the transmitted signal, and the local area of the ABM part vibrates differently depending on its local resonant frequency. The membrane was designed to have a logarithmically varying width from 0.97 mm to 8.0 mm along the 28 mm length. By incorporating a micro-actuator in an experimental platform for the package part that mimics the function of a stapes bone in the middle ear, we created a similar experimental environment to cochlea where the human basilar membrane vibrates. The mechanical and electrical responses of fabricated PAC were measured with a laser Doppler vibrometer and a data acquisition system, and were compared with simulation results. Finally, the fabricated PAC in a biocompatible package was developed and its mechanical and electrical characteristics were measured. The experimental results shows successful frequency separation of incoming mechanical signal from micro-actuator into frequency bandwidth within the 0.4 kHz–5 kHz range. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial cochlea; mechanical frequency separation; piezoelectric; biocompatible packaging artificial cochlea; mechanical frequency separation; piezoelectric; biocompatible packaging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, Y.; Kwak, J.-H.; Kang, H.; Kim, W.D.; Hur, S. Mechanical and Electrical Characterization of Piezoelectric Artificial Cochlear Device and Biocompatible Packaging. Sensors 2015, 15, 18851-18864.

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