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Sensors 2015, 15(7), 16895-16909; doi:10.3390/s150716895

Medium to Long Range Kinematic GPS Positioning with Position-Velocity-Acceleration Model Using Multiple Reference Stations

Department of Geoinformatics Engineering, Kyungil University, 50 Gamasilgil, Kyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-701, Korea
Division of IoT and Robotics Convergence Research, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology, 333 Techno jungang-daero, Hyeonpung-myeon, Dalseong-gun, Dagegu 711-873, Korea
Department of Geoinformatics, University of Seoul, 163 Seoulsiripdaero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Received: 12 May 2015 / Revised: 9 July 2015 / Accepted: 9 July 2015 / Published: 13 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [851 KB, uploaded 13 July 2015]   |  


In order to obtain precise kinematic global positioning systems (GPS) in medium to large scale networks, the atmospheric effects from tropospheric and ionospheric delays need to be properly modeled and estimated. It is also preferable to use multiple reference stations to improve the reliability of the solutions. In this study, GPS kinematic positioning algorithms are developed for the medium to large-scale network based on the position-velocity-acceleration model. Hence, the algorithm can perform even in cases where the near-constant velocity assumption does not hold. In addition, the estimated kinematic accelerations can be used for the airborne gravimetry. The proposed algorithms are implemented using Kalman filter and are applied to the in situ airborne GPS data. The performance of the proposed algorithms is validated by analyzing and comparing the results with those from reference values. The results show that reliable and comparable solutions in both position and kinematic acceleration levels can be obtained using the proposed algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: global positioning system (GPS); kinematic acceleration; position-velocity-acceleration model global positioning system (GPS); kinematic acceleration; position-velocity-acceleration model

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hong, C.-K.; Park, C.H.; Han, J.-H.; Kwon, J.H. Medium to Long Range Kinematic GPS Positioning with Position-Velocity-Acceleration Model Using Multiple Reference Stations. Sensors 2015, 15, 16895-16909.

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