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Sensors 2015, 15(7), 15903-15920; doi:10.3390/s150715903

An Electromagnetic Sensor with a Metamaterial Lens for Nondestructive Evaluation of Composite Materials

1
Nondestructive Testing Department, National Institute of R&D for Technical Physics, 47 D. Mangeron Blvd, 700050 Iasi, Romania
2
Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 11 Carol I Blvd, 700506 Iasi, Romania
3
CRISMAT Laboratory, National Graduate School of Engineering, University of Caen on Normandy, 6 Marechal Juin Blvd, Caen 14050, France
4
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
5
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 6, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Schumacher
Received: 28 April 2015 / Revised: 28 May 2015 / Accepted: 18 June 2015 / Published: 3 July 2015
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Abstract

This paper proposes the study and implementation of a sensor with a metamaterial (MM) lens in electromagnetic nondestructive evaluation (eNDE). Thus, the use of a new type of MM, named Conical Swiss Rolls (CSR) has been proposed. These structures can serve as electromagnetic flux concentrators in the radiofrequency range. As a direct application, plates of composite materials with carbon fibers woven as reinforcement and polyphenylene sulphide as matrix with delaminations due to low energy impacts were examined. The evaluation method is based on the appearance of evanescent modes in the space between carbon fibers when the sample is excited with a transversal magnetic along z axis (TMz) polarized electromagnetic field. The MM lens allows the transmission and intensification of evanescent waves. The characteristics of carbon fibers woven structure became visible and delaminations are clearly emphasized. The flaws can be localized with spatial resolution better than λ/2000. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromagnetic sensor; damages; metamaterials lens; FRPC; nondestructive evaluation electromagnetic sensor; damages; metamaterials lens; FRPC; nondestructive evaluation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Savin, A.; Steigmann, R.; Bruma, A.; Šturm, R. An Electromagnetic Sensor with a Metamaterial Lens for Nondestructive Evaluation of Composite Materials. Sensors 2015, 15, 15903-15920.

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