On-Board Event-Based State Estimation for Trajectory Approaching and Tracking of a Vehicle
AbstractFor the problem of pose estimation of an autonomous vehicle using networked external sensors, the processing capacity and battery consumption of these sensors, as well as the communication channel load should be optimized. Here, we report an event-based state estimator (EBSE) consisting of an unscented Kalman filter that uses a triggering mechanism based on the estimation error covariance matrix to request measurements from the external sensors. This EBSE generates the events of the estimator module on-board the vehicle and, thus, allows the sensors to remain in stand-by mode until an event is generated. The proposed algorithm requests a measurement every time the estimation distance root mean squared error (DRMS) value, obtained from the estimator’s covariance matrix, exceeds a threshold value. This triggering threshold can be adapted to the vehicle’s working conditions rendering the estimator even more efficient. An example of the use of the proposed EBSE is given, where the autonomous vehicle must approach and follow a reference trajectory. By making the threshold a function of the distance to the reference location, the estimator can halve the use of the sensors with a negligible deterioration in the performance of the approaching maneuver. View Full-Text
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Martínez-Rey, M.; Espinosa, F.; Gardel, A.; Santos, C. On-Board Event-Based State Estimation for Trajectory Approaching and Tracking of a Vehicle. Sensors 2015, 15, 14569-14590.
Martínez-Rey M, Espinosa F, Gardel A, Santos C. On-Board Event-Based State Estimation for Trajectory Approaching and Tracking of a Vehicle. Sensors. 2015; 15(6):14569-14590.Chicago/Turabian Style
Martínez-Rey, Miguel; Espinosa, Felipe; Gardel, Alfredo; Santos, Carlos. 2015. "On-Board Event-Based State Estimation for Trajectory Approaching and Tracking of a Vehicle." Sensors 15, no. 6: 14569-14590.