Daytime Land Surface Temperature Extraction from MODIS Thermal Infrared Data under Cirrus Clouds
AbstractSimulated data showed that cirrus clouds could lead to a maximum land surface temperature (LST) retrieval error of 11.0 K when using the generalized split-window (GSW) algorithm with a cirrus optical depth (COD) at 0.55 μm of 0.4 and in nadir view. A correction term in the COD linear function was added to the GSW algorithm to extend the GSW algorithm to cirrus cloudy conditions. The COD was acquired by a look up table of the isolated cirrus bidirectional reflectance at 0.55 μm. Additionally, the slope k of the linear function was expressed as a multiple linear model of the top of the atmospheric brightness temperatures of MODIS channels 31–34 and as the difference between split-window channel emissivities. The simulated data showed that the LST error could be reduced from 11.0 to 2.2 K. The sensitivity analysis indicated that the total errors from all the uncertainties of input parameters, extension algorithm accuracy, and GSW algorithm accuracy were less than 2.5 K in nadir view. Finally, the Great Lakes surface water temperatures measured by buoys showed that the retrieval accuracy of the GSW algorithm was improved by at least 1.5 K using the proposed extension algorithm for cirrus skies. View Full-Text
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Fan, X.; Tang, B.-H.; Wu, H.; Yan, G.; Li, Z.-L. Daytime Land Surface Temperature Extraction from MODIS Thermal Infrared Data under Cirrus Clouds. Sensors 2015, 15, 9942-9961.
Fan X, Tang B-H, Wu H, Yan G, Li Z-L. Daytime Land Surface Temperature Extraction from MODIS Thermal Infrared Data under Cirrus Clouds. Sensors. 2015; 15(5):9942-9961.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fan, Xiwei; Tang, Bo-Hui; Wu, Hua; Yan, Guangjian; Li, Zhao-Liang. 2015. "Daytime Land Surface Temperature Extraction from MODIS Thermal Infrared Data under Cirrus Clouds." Sensors 15, no. 5: 9942-9961.