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Sensors 2015, 15(5), 11387-11401; doi:10.3390/s150511387

Determining the Leaf Emissivity of Three Crops by Infrared Thermometry

Department of Bio-industrial Mechatronics Engineering, National ChungHsing University, 250 Kuokuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
Academic Editor: Robert Hadfield
Received: 16 February 2015 / Revised: 18 April 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 15 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [737 KB, uploaded 15 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Plant temperature can provide important physiological information for crop management. Non-contact measurement with an infrared thermometer is useful for detecting leaf temperatures. In this study, a novel technique was developed to measure leaf emissivity using an infrared thermometer with an infrared sensor and a thermocouple wire. The measured values were transformed into true temperatures by calibration equations to improve the measurement accuracy. The relationship between two kinds of measurement temperatures and setting emissivities was derived as a model for calculating of true emissivity. The emissivities of leaves of three crops were calculated by the mathematical equation developed in this study. The mean emissivities were 0.9809, 0.9783, 0.981 and 0.9848 for Phalaenopsis mature and new leaves and Paphiopedilum and Malabar chestnut leaves, respectively. Emissivity differed significantly between leaves of Malabar chestnut and the two orchids. The range of emissivities determined in this study was similar to that in the literature. The precision of the measurement is acceptable. The method developed in this study is a real-time, in situ technique and could be used for agricultural and forestry plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: infrared thermometer; leaf emissivity; Phalaenopsis; Paphiopedilum infrared thermometer; leaf emissivity; Phalaenopsis; Paphiopedilum
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, C. Determining the Leaf Emissivity of Three Crops by Infrared Thermometry. Sensors 2015, 15, 11387-11401.

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