Novel Real-Time Diagnosis of the Freezing Process Using an Ultrasonic Transducer
AbstractThe freezing stage governs several critical parameters of the freeze drying process and the quality of the resulting lyophilized products. This paper presents an integrated ultrasonic transducer (UT) in a stainless steel bottle and its application to real-time diagnostics of the water freezing process. The sensor was directly deposited onto the stainless steel bottle using a sol-gel spray technique. It could operate at temperature range from −100 to 400 °C and uses an ultrasonic pulse-echo technique. The progression of the freezing process, including water-in, freezing point and final phase change of water, were all clearly observed using ultrasound. The ultrasonic signals could indicate the three stages of the freezing process and evaluate the cooling and freezing periods under various processing conditions. The temperature was also adopted for evaluating the cooling and freezing periods. These periods increased with water volume and decreased with shelf temperature (i.e., speed of freezing). This study demonstrates the effectiveness of the ultrasonic sensor and technology for diagnosing and optimizing the process of water freezing to save energy. View Full-Text
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Tseng, Y.-H.; Cheng, C.-C.; Cheng, H.-P.; Lee, D. Novel Real-Time Diagnosis of the Freezing Process Using an Ultrasonic Transducer. Sensors 2015, 15, 10332-10349.
Tseng Y-H, Cheng C-C, Cheng H-P, Lee D. Novel Real-Time Diagnosis of the Freezing Process Using an Ultrasonic Transducer. Sensors. 2015; 15(5):10332-10349.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tseng, Yen-Hsiang; Cheng, Chin-Chi; Cheng, Hong-Ping; Lee, Dasheng. 2015. "Novel Real-Time Diagnosis of the Freezing Process Using an Ultrasonic Transducer." Sensors 15, no. 5: 10332-10349.