Low-Cost Photolithographic Fabrication of Nanowires and Microfilters for Advanced Bioassay Devices
AbstractIntegrated microfluidic devices with nanosized array electrodes and microfiltration capabilities can greatly increase sensitivity and enhance automation in immunoassay devices. In this contribution, we utilize the edge-patterning method of thin aluminum (Al) films in order to form nano- to micron-sized gaps. Evaporation of high work-function metals (i.e., Au, Ag, etc.) on these gaps, followed by Al lift-off, enables the formation of electrical uniform nanowires from low-cost, plastic-based, photomasks. By replacing Al with chromium (Cr), the formation of high resolution, custom-made photomasks that are ideal for low-cost fabrication of a plurality of array devices were realized. To demonstrate the feasibility of such Cr photomasks, SU-8 micro-pillar masters were formed and replicated into PDMS to produce micron-sized filters with 3–4 µm gaps and an aspect ratio of 3. These microfilters were capable of retaining 6 µm beads within a localized site, while allowing solvent flow. The combination of nanowire arrays and micro-pillar filtration opens new perspectives for rapid R&D screening of various microfluidic-based immunoassay geometries, where analyte pre-concentration and highly sensitive, electrochemical detection can be readily co-localized. View Full-Text
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Doan, N.M.; Qiang, L.; Li, Z.; Vaddiraju, S.; Bishop, G.W.; Rusling, J.F.; Papadimitrakopoulos, F. Low-Cost Photolithographic Fabrication of Nanowires and Microfilters for Advanced Bioassay Devices. Sensors 2015, 15, 6091-6104.
Doan NM, Qiang L, Li Z, Vaddiraju S, Bishop GW, Rusling JF, Papadimitrakopoulos F. Low-Cost Photolithographic Fabrication of Nanowires and Microfilters for Advanced Bioassay Devices. Sensors. 2015; 15(3):6091-6104.Chicago/Turabian Style
Doan, Nhi M.; Qiang, Liangliang; Li, Zhe; Vaddiraju, Santhisagar; Bishop, Gregory W.; Rusling, James F.; Papadimitrakopoulos, Fotios. 2015. "Low-Cost Photolithographic Fabrication of Nanowires and Microfilters for Advanced Bioassay Devices." Sensors 15, no. 3: 6091-6104.