Fast Fingerprint Database Maintenance for Indoor Positioning Based on UGV SLAM
AbstractIndoor positioning technology has become more and more important in the last two decades. Utilizing Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) fingerprints of Signals of OPportunity (SOP) is a promising alternative navigation solution. However, as the RSSIs vary during operation due to their physical nature and are easily affected by the environmental change, one challenge of the indoor fingerprinting method is maintaining the RSSI fingerprint database in a timely and effective manner. In this paper, a solution for rapidly updating the fingerprint database is presented, based on a self-developed Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV) platform NAVIS. Several SOP sensors were installed on NAVIS for collecting indoor fingerprint information, including a digital compass collecting magnetic field intensity, a light sensor collecting light intensity, and a smartphone which collects the access point number and RSSIs of the pre-installed WiFi network. The NAVIS platform generates a map of the indoor environment and collects the SOPs during processing of the mapping, and then the SOP fingerprint database is interpolated and updated in real time. Field tests were carried out to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method. The results showed that the fingerprint databases can be quickly created and updated with a higher sampling frequency (5Hz) and denser reference points compared with traditional methods, and the indoor map can be generated without prior information. Moreover, environmental changes could also be detected quickly for fingerprint indoor positioning. View Full-Text
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Tang, J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, L.; Liu, J.; Hyyppä, J.; Kukko, A.; Kaartinen, H.; Hyyppä, H.; Chen, R. Fast Fingerprint Database Maintenance for Indoor Positioning Based on UGV SLAM. Sensors 2015, 15, 5311-5330.
Tang J, Chen Y, Chen L, Liu J, Hyyppä J, Kukko A, Kaartinen H, Hyyppä H, Chen R. Fast Fingerprint Database Maintenance for Indoor Positioning Based on UGV SLAM. Sensors. 2015; 15(3):5311-5330.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tang, Jian; Chen, Yuwei; Chen, Liang; Liu, Jingbin; Hyyppä, Juha; Kukko, Antero; Kaartinen, Harri; Hyyppä, Hannu; Chen, Ruizhi. 2015. "Fast Fingerprint Database Maintenance for Indoor Positioning Based on UGV SLAM." Sensors 15, no. 3: 5311-5330.