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Sensors 2015, 15(3), 5228-5250; doi:10.3390/s150305228

Human Computer Interactions in Next-Generation of Aircraft Smart Navigation Management Systems: Task Analysis and Architecture under an Agent-Oriented Methodological Approach

1
Signals and Communications Department, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35001, Spain
2
Computer Science Department, University of Carlos III, Madrid 28903, Spain
3
Signal, Systems and Radio-communications Department, Polytechnic University of Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gianluca Paravati
Received: 15 January 2015 / Revised: 12 February 2015 / Accepted: 16 February 2015 / Published: 4 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue HCI In Smart Environments)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2544 KB, uploaded 4 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

The limited efficiency of current air traffic systems will require a next-generation of Smart Air Traffic System (SATS) that relies on current technological advances. This challenge means a transition toward a new navigation and air-traffic procedures paradigm, where pilots and air traffic controllers perform and coordinate their activities according to new roles and technological supports. The design of new Human-Computer Interactions (HCI) for performing these activities is a key element of SATS. However efforts for developing such tools need to be inspired on a parallel characterization of hypothetical air traffic scenarios compatible with current ones. This paper is focused on airborne HCI into SATS where cockpit inputs came from aircraft navigation systems, surrounding traffic situation, controllers’ indications, etc. So the HCI is intended to enhance situation awareness and decision-making through pilot cockpit. This work approach considers SATS as a system distributed on a large-scale with uncertainty in a dynamic environment. Therefore, a multi-agent systems based approach is well suited for modeling such an environment. We demonstrate that current methodologies for designing multi-agent systems are a useful tool to characterize HCI. We specifically illustrate how the selected methodological approach provides enough guidelines to obtain a cockpit HCI design that complies with future SATS specifications. View Full-Text
Keywords: aircraft navigation procedures; navigation management system; HCI; air traffic system; smart environment aircraft navigation procedures; navigation management system; HCI; air traffic system; smart environment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Canino-Rodríguez, J.M.; García-Herrero, J.; Besada-Portas, J.; Ravelo-García, A.G.; Travieso-González, C.; Alonso-Hernández, J.B. Human Computer Interactions in Next-Generation of Aircraft Smart Navigation Management Systems: Task Analysis and Architecture under an Agent-Oriented Methodological Approach. Sensors 2015, 15, 5228-5250.

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