Vector Graph Assisted Pedestrian Dead Reckoning Using an Unconstrained Smartphone
AbstractThe paper presents a hybrid indoor positioning solution based on a pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) approach using built-in sensors on a smartphone. To address the challenges of flexible and complex contexts of carrying a phone while walking, a robust step detection algorithm based on motion-awareness has been proposed. Given the fact that step length is influenced by different motion states, an adaptive step length estimation algorithm based on motion recognition is developed. Heading estimation is carried out by an attitude acquisition algorithm, which contains a two-phase filter to mitigate the distortion of magnetic anomalies. In order to estimate the heading for an unconstrained smartphone, principal component analysis (PCA) of acceleration is applied to determine the offset between the orientation of smartphone and the actual heading of a pedestrian. Moreover, a particle filter with vector graph assisted particle weighting is introduced to correct the deviation in step length and heading estimation. Extensive field tests, including four contexts of carrying a phone, have been conducted in an office building to verify the performance of the proposed algorithm. Test results show that the proposed algorithm can achieve sub-meter mean error in all contexts. View Full-Text
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Qian, J.; Pei, L.; Ma, J.; Ying, R.; Liu, P. Vector Graph Assisted Pedestrian Dead Reckoning Using an Unconstrained Smartphone. Sensors 2015, 15, 5032-5057.
Qian J, Pei L, Ma J, Ying R, Liu P. Vector Graph Assisted Pedestrian Dead Reckoning Using an Unconstrained Smartphone. Sensors. 2015; 15(3):5032-5057.Chicago/Turabian Style
Qian, Jiuchao; Pei, Ling; Ma, Jiabin; Ying, Rendong; Liu, Peilin. 2015. "Vector Graph Assisted Pedestrian Dead Reckoning Using an Unconstrained Smartphone." Sensors 15, no. 3: 5032-5057.