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Sensors 2015, 15(2), 3540-3564; doi:10.3390/s150203540

Relative Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks for Measurement of Electric Fields under HVDC Transmission Lines

1
School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
High Voltage Department, China Electrical Power Research Institute, Beijing 100192, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2014 / Revised: 9 January 2015 / Accepted: 22 January 2015 / Published: 4 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Sensor Networks and the Internet of Things)

Abstract

In the wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for electric field measurement system under the High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission lines, it is necessary to obtain the electric field distribution with multiple sensors. The location information of each sensor is essential to the correct analysis of measurement results. Compared with the existing approach which gathers the location information by manually labelling sensors during deployment, the automatic localization can reduce the workload and improve the measurement efficiency. A novel and practical range-free localization algorithm for the localization of one-dimensional linear topology wireless networks in the electric field measurement system is presented. The algorithm utilizes unknown nodes’ neighbor lists based on the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) values to determine the relative locations of nodes. The algorithm is able to handle the exceptional situation of the output permutation which can effectively improve the accuracy of localization. The performance of this algorithm under real circumstances has been evaluated through several experiments with different numbers of nodes and different node deployments in the China State Grid HVDC test base. Results show that the proposed algorithm achieves an accuracy of over 96% under different conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; electric field measurement; relative localization; Received Signal Strength Indicator-based (RSSI-based) wireless sensor networks; electric field measurement; relative localization; Received Signal Strength Indicator-based (RSSI-based)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cui, Y.; Wang, Q.; Yuan, H.; Song, X.; Hu, X.; Zhao, L. Relative Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks for Measurement of Electric Fields under HVDC Transmission Lines. Sensors 2015, 15, 3540-3564.

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