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Sensors 2014, 14(9), 17212-17234; doi:10.3390/s140917212

Smart Multi-Level Tool for Remote Patient Monitoring Based on a Wireless Sensor Network and Mobile Augmented Reality

1
Departamento de Ingeniería, Universidad Tecnológica de Ciudad Juárez, Av. Universidad Tecnológica 3051, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico
2
Instituto de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Av. del Charro, 450 norte, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2014 / Revised: 9 September 2014 / Accepted: 11 September 2014 / Published: 16 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Sensor Network for Pervasive Medical Care)
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Abstract

Technological innovations in the field of disease prevention and maintenance of patient health have enabled the evolution of fields such as monitoring systems. One of the main advances is the development of real-time monitors that use intelligent and wireless communication technology. In this paper, a system is presented for the remote monitoring of the body temperature and heart rate of a patient by means of a wireless sensor network (WSN) and mobile augmented reality (MAR). The combination of a WSN and MAR provides a novel alternative to remotely measure body temperature and heart rate in real time during patient care. The system is composed of (1) hardware such as Arduino microcontrollers (in the patient nodes), personal computers (for the nurse server), smartphones (for the mobile nurse monitor and the virtual patient file) and sensors (to measure body temperature and heart rate), (2) a network layer using WiFly technology, and (3) software such as LabView, Android SDK, and DroidAR. The results obtained from tests show that the system can perform effectively within a range of 20 m and requires ten minutes to stabilize the temperature sensor to detect hyperthermia, hypothermia or normal body temperature conditions. Additionally, the heart rate sensor can detect conditions of tachycardia and bradycardia. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor network; mobile augmented reality; remote patient monitoring; temperature sensor; heart rate sensor; Arduino; Android OS wireless sensor network; mobile augmented reality; remote patient monitoring; temperature sensor; heart rate sensor; Arduino; Android OS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

González, F.C.J.; Villegas, O.O.V.; Ramírez, D.E.T.; Sánchez, V.G.C.; Domínguez, H.O. Smart Multi-Level Tool for Remote Patient Monitoring Based on a Wireless Sensor Network and Mobile Augmented Reality. Sensors 2014, 14, 17212-17234.

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