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Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8465-8484; doi:10.3390/s140508465

A Real-Time Recording Model of Key Indicators for Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions of Sustainable Buildings

1,* , 2
1 School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, No.2 Si Pai Building, Nanjing 210096, China 2 Department of Computer Science, Loughborough University, N.3.28, Haslegrave Building, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK 3 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 639798, Singapore 4 School of International Pharmaceutical Business, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 211198, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2014 / Revised: 20 April 2014 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published: 14 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Buildings’ sustainability is one of the crucial parts for achieving urban sustainability. Applied to buildings, life-cycle assessment encompasses the analysis and assessment of the environmental effects of building materials, components and assemblies throughout the entire life of the building construction, use and demolition. Estimate of carbon emissions is essential and crucial for an accurate and reasonable life-cycle assessment. Addressing the need for more research into integrating analysis of real-time and automatic recording of key indicators for a more accurate calculation and comparison, this paper aims to design a real-time recording model of these crucial indicators concerning the calculation and estimation of energy use and carbon emissions of buildings based on a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)-based system. The architecture of the RFID-based carbon emission recording/tracking system, which contains four functional layers including data record layer, data collection/update layer, data aggregation layer and data sharing/backup layer, is presented. Each of these layers is formed by RFID or network devices and sub-systems that operate at a specific level. In the end, a proof-of-concept system is developed to illustrate the implementation of the proposed architecture and demonstrate the feasibility of the design. This study would provide the technical solution for real-time recording system of building carbon emissions and thus is of great significance and importance to improve urban sustainability.
Keywords: real time; key indicators; RFID-based; sustainable building real time; key indicators; RFID-based; sustainable building
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Wu, W.; Yang, H.; Chew, D.; Hou, Y.; Li, Q. A Real-Time Recording Model of Key Indicators for Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions of Sustainable Buildings. Sensors 2014, 14, 8465-8484.

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