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Sensors 2014, 14(4), 6677-6694; doi:10.3390/s140406677
Article

An Upper-Limb Power-Assist Exoskeleton Using Proportional Myoelectric Control

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Received: 12 November 2013; in revised form: 17 February 2014 / Accepted: 20 March 2014 / Published: 10 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Sensors and Systems)
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Abstract: We developed an upper-limb power-assist exoskeleton actuated by pneumatic muscles. The exoskeleton included two metal links: a nylon joint, four size-adjustable carbon fiber bracers, a potentiometer and two pneumatic muscles. The proportional myoelectric control method was proposed to control the exoskeleton according to the user’s motion intention in real time. With the feature extraction procedure and the classification (back-propagation neural network), an electromyogram (EMG)-angle model was constructed to be used for pattern recognition. Six healthy subjects performed elbow flexion-extension movements under four experimental conditions: (1) holding a 1-kg load, wearing the exoskeleton, but with no actuation and for different periods (2-s, 4-s and 8-s periods); (2) holding a 1-kg load, without wearing the exoskeleton, for a fixed period; (3) holding a 1-kg load, wearing the exoskeleton, but with no actuation, for a fixed period; (4) holding a 1-kg load, wearing the exoskeleton under proportional myoelectric control, for a fixed period. The EMG signals of the biceps brachii, the brachioradialis, the triceps brachii and the anconeus and the angle of the elbow were collected. The control scheme’s reliability and power-assist effectiveness were evaluated in the experiments. The results indicated that the exoskeleton could be controlled by the user’s motion intention in real time and that it was useful for augmenting arm performance with neurological signal control, which could be applied to assist in elbow rehabilitation after neurological injury.
Keywords: upper limb; power-assist exoskeleton; proportional myoelectric control; pneumatic muscles; motion intention upper limb; power-assist exoskeleton; proportional myoelectric control; pneumatic muscles; motion intention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, Z.; Zhang, K.; Sun, S.; Gao, Z.; Zhang, L.; Yang, Z. An Upper-Limb Power-Assist Exoskeleton Using Proportional Myoelectric Control. Sensors 2014, 14, 6677-6694.

AMA Style

Tang Z, Zhang K, Sun S, Gao Z, Zhang L, Yang Z. An Upper-Limb Power-Assist Exoskeleton Using Proportional Myoelectric Control. Sensors. 2014; 14(4):6677-6694.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Zhichuan; Zhang, Kejun; Sun, Shouqian; Gao, Zenggui; Zhang, Lekai; Yang, Zhongliang. 2014. "An Upper-Limb Power-Assist Exoskeleton Using Proportional Myoelectric Control." Sensors 14, no. 4: 6677-6694.


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