Sensors 2014, 14(3), 5441-5458; doi:10.3390/s140305441

Small Private Key MQPKS on an Embedded Microprocessor

1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 2email and 1,* email
Received: 15 January 2014; in revised form: 12 March 2014 / Accepted: 17 March 2014 / Published: 19 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Multivariate quadratic (MQ) cryptography requires the use of long public and private keys to ensure a sufficient security level, but this is not favorable to embedded systems, which have limited system resources. Recently, various approaches to MQ cryptography using reduced public keys have been studied. As a result of this, at CHES2011 (Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems, 2011), a small public key MQ scheme, was proposed, and its feasible implementation on an embedded microprocessor was reported at CHES2012. However, the implementation of a small private key MQ scheme was not reported. For efficient implementation, random number generators can contribute to reduce the key size, but the cost of using a random number generator is much more complex than computing MQ on modern microprocessors. Therefore, no feasible results have been reported on embedded microprocessors. In this paper, we propose a feasible implementation on embedded microprocessors for a small private key MQ scheme using a pseudo-random number generator and hash function based on a block-cipher exploiting a hardware Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) accelerator. To speed up the performance, we apply various implementation methods, including parallel computation, on-the-fly computation, optimized logarithm representation, vinegar monomials and assembly programming. The proposed method reduces the private key size by about 99.9% and boosts signature generation and verification by 5.78% and 12.19% than previous results in CHES2012.
Keywords: public key cryptography; small private key; multivariate quadratic cryptography; embedded microprocessor; efficient software implementation; ATxmega128a1; AES accelerator; random number generator; signature generation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, H.; Kim, J.; Choi, J.; Park, T.; Liu, Z.; Kim, H. Small Private Key MQPKS on an Embedded Microprocessor. Sensors 2014, 14, 5441-5458.

AMA Style

Seo H, Kim J, Choi J, Park T, Liu Z, Kim H. Small Private Key MQPKS on an Embedded Microprocessor. Sensors. 2014; 14(3):5441-5458.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seo, Hwajeong; Kim, Jihyun; Choi, Jongseok; Park, Taehwan; Liu, Zhe; Kim, Howon. 2014. "Small Private Key MQPKS on an Embedded Microprocessor." Sensors 14, no. 3: 5441-5458.

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