Next Article in Journal
Olfaction-Inspired Sensing Using a Sensor System with Molecular Recognition and Optimal Classification Ability for Comprehensive Detection of Gases
Previous Article in Journal
A Polarization Control System for Intensity-Resolved Guided Mode Resonance Sensors
Sensors 2014, 14(3), 5207-5220; doi:10.3390/s140305207

Force Sensor Attachable to Thin Fiberscopes/Endoscopes Utilizing High Elasticity Fabric

1,* , 2
Received: 6 December 2013 / Revised: 7 March 2014 / Accepted: 10 March 2014 / Published: 12 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [640 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures


An endoscope/fiberscope is a minimally invasive tool used for directly observing tissues in areas deep inside the human body where access is limited. However, this tool only yields visual information. If force feedback information were also available, endoscope/fiberscope operators would be able to detect indurated areas that are visually hard to recognize. Furthermore, obtaining such feedback information from tissues in areas where collecting visual information is a challenge would be highly useful. The major obstacle is that such force information is difficult to acquire. This paper presents a novel force sensing system that can be attached to a very thin fiberscope/endoscope. To ensure a small size, high resolution, easy sterilization, and low cost, the proposed force visualization–based system uses a highly elastic material—panty stocking fabric. The paper also presents the methodology for deriving the force value from the captured image. The system has a resolution of less than 0.01 N and sensitivity of greater than 600 pixels/N within the force range of 0–0.2 N.
Keywords: force sensing; force visualization; panty stocking; endoscope force sensing; force visualization; panty stocking; endoscope
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Watanabe, T.; Iwai, T.; Fujihira, Y.; Wakako, L.; Kagawa, H.; Yoneyama, T. Force Sensor Attachable to Thin Fiberscopes/Endoscopes Utilizing High Elasticity Fabric. Sensors 2014, 14, 5207-5220.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert