Next Article in Journal
DNA-Aptamers Binding Aminoglycoside Antibiotics
Next Article in Special Issue
New System for Tracking a Device for Diagnosing Scalp Skin
Previous Article in Journal
An Analysis of the Precision and Reliability of the Leap Motion Sensor and Its Suitability for Static and Dynamic Tracking
Previous Article in Special Issue
Techniques for Clutter Suppression in the Presence of Body Movements during the Detection of Respiratory Activity through UWB Radars
Sensors 2014, 14(2), 3721-3736; doi:10.3390/s140203721

Wavelet-Based Watermarking and Compression for ECG Signals with Verification Evaluation

3,* , 4
1 Department of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China 2 Department of Exercise and Health Promotion, College of Education, Chinese Culture University (CCU) and Department of Neurosurgery, Lo-Hsu Foundation, Lotung Poh-Ai Hospital, Luodong, Yilan 265, Taiwan 3 Department of Applied Mathematics, Tunghai University, Taichung 40704, Taiwan 4 Department of Software Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China 5 Department of Applied Mathematics, Tunghai University, Taichung 40704, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 December 2013 / Revised: 6 February 2014 / Accepted: 18 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Sensors and Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [499 KB, 21 June 2014; original version 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures


In the current open society and with the growth of human rights, people are more and more concerned about the privacy of their information and other important data. This study makes use of electrocardiography (ECG) data in order to protect individual information. An ECG signal can not only be used to analyze disease, but also to provide crucial biometric information for identification and authentication. In this study, we propose a new idea of integrating electrocardiogram watermarking and compression approach, which has never been researched before. ECG watermarking can ensure the confidentiality and reliability of a user’s data while reducing the amount of data. In the evaluation, we apply the embedding capacity, bit error rate (BER), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), compression ratio (CR), and compressed-signal to noise ratio (CNR) methods to assess the proposed algorithm. After comprehensive evaluation the final results show that our algorithm is robust and feasible.
Keywords: integrating; watermarking; ECG; compression integrating; watermarking; ECG; compression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Tseng, K.-K.; He, X.; Kung, W.-M.; Chen, S.-T.; Liao, M.; Huang, H.-N. Wavelet-Based Watermarking and Compression for ECG Signals with Verification Evaluation. Sensors 2014, 14, 3721-3736.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert