Sensors 2014, 14(2), 3362-3394; doi:10.3390/s140203362
Review

Gait Analysis Methods: An Overview of Wearable and Non-Wearable Systems, Highlighting Clinical Applications

email, * email and email
Received: 21 December 2013; in revised form: 4 February 2014 / Accepted: 10 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Gait Sensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This article presents a review of the methods used in recognition and analysis of the human gait from three different approaches: image processing, floor sensors and sensors placed on the body. Progress in new technologies has led the development of a series of devices and techniques which allow for objective evaluation, making measurements more efficient and effective and providing specialists with reliable information. Firstly, an introduction of the key gait parameters and semi-subjective methods is presented. Secondly, technologies and studies on the different objective methods are reviewed. Finally, based on the latest research, the characteristics of each method are discussed. 40% of the reviewed articles published in late 2012 and 2013 were related to non-wearable systems, 37.5% presented inertial sensor-based systems, and the remaining 22.5% corresponded to other wearable systems. An increasing number of research works demonstrate that various parameters such as precision, conformability, usability or transportability have indicated that the portable systems based on body sensors are promising methods for gait analysis.
Keywords: gait analysis; wearable sensors; clinical application; sensor technology; gait disorder
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [934 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 21 June 2014 12:36 CEST]
The original version is still available [915 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014 12:36 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Muro-de-la-Herran, A.; Garcia-Zapirain, B.; Mendez-Zorrilla, A. Gait Analysis Methods: An Overview of Wearable and Non-Wearable Systems, Highlighting Clinical Applications. Sensors 2014, 14, 3362-3394.

AMA Style

Muro-de-la-Herran A, Garcia-Zapirain B, Mendez-Zorrilla A. Gait Analysis Methods: An Overview of Wearable and Non-Wearable Systems, Highlighting Clinical Applications. Sensors. 2014; 14(2):3362-3394.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muro-de-la-Herran, Alvaro; Garcia-Zapirain, Begonya; Mendez-Zorrilla, Amaia. 2014. "Gait Analysis Methods: An Overview of Wearable and Non-Wearable Systems, Highlighting Clinical Applications." Sensors 14, no. 2: 3362-3394.

Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert