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Sensors 2014, 14(12), 22285-22299; doi:10.3390/s141222285

The Electronic McPhail Trap

1
Department of Music Technology & Acoustics, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, E. Daskalaki Perivolia 74100, Rethymno Crete, Greece
2
Department of Electronics, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Romanou 3-Chalepa, Chania 73133, Greece
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Kounoupidiana, Chania 73100, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2014 / Revised: 15 November 2014 / Accepted: 19 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agriculture and Forestry: Sensors, Technologies and Procedures)
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Abstract

Certain insects affect cultivations in a detrimental way. A notable case is the olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae (Rossi)), that in Europe alone causes billions of euros in crop-loss/per year. Pests can be controlled with aerial and ground bait pesticide sprays, the efficiency of which depends on knowing the time and location of insect infestations as early as possible. The inspection of traps is currently carried out manually. Automatic monitoring traps can enhance efficient monitoring of flying pests by identifying and counting targeted pests as they enter the trap. This work deals with the hardware setup of an insect trap with an embedded optoelectronic sensor that automatically records insects as they fly in the trap. The sensor responsible for detecting the insect is an array of phototransistors receiving light from an infrared LED. The wing-beat recording is based on the interruption of the emitted light due to the partial occlusion from insect’s wings as they fly in the trap. We show that the recordings are of high quality paving the way for automatic recognition and transmission of insect detections from the field to a smartphone. This work emphasizes the hardware implementation of the sensor and the detection/counting module giving all necessary implementation details needed to construct it. View Full-Text
Keywords: McPhail trap; automatic insect trap; precision agriculture McPhail trap; automatic insect trap; precision agriculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Potamitis, I.; Rigakis, I.; Fysarakis, K. The Electronic McPhail Trap. Sensors 2014, 14, 22285-22299.

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