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Sensors 2014, 14(1), 795-833; doi:10.3390/s140100795
Article

Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks: Advances and Future Trends in Physical, MAC and Routing Layers

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Received: 1 November 2013; in revised form: 24 November 2013 / Accepted: 27 November 2013 / Published: 6 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain 2013)
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Abstract: This survey aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current researchon underwater wireless sensor networks, focusing on the lower layers of the communicationstack, and envisions future trends and challenges. It analyzes the current state-of-the-art onthe physical, medium access control and routing layers. It summarizes their security threadsand surveys the currently proposed studies. Current envisioned niches for further advances inunderwater networks research range from efficient, low-power algorithms and
Keywords: underwater sensor networks; survey; future trends; physical layer; mediumaccess control layer; routing layer; security underwater sensor networks; survey; future trends; physical layer; mediumaccess control layer; routing layer; security
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Climent, S.; Sanchez, A.; Capella, J.V.; Meratnia, N.; Serrano, J.J. Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks: Advances and Future Trends in Physical, MAC and Routing Layers. Sensors 2014, 14, 795-833.

AMA Style

Climent S, Sanchez A, Capella JV, Meratnia N, Serrano JJ. Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks: Advances and Future Trends in Physical, MAC and Routing Layers. Sensors. 2014; 14(1):795-833.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Climent, Salvador; Sanchez, Antonio; Capella, Juan V.; Meratnia, Nirvana; Serrano, Juan J. 2014. "Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks: Advances and Future Trends in Physical, MAC and Routing Layers." Sensors 14, no. 1: 795-833.



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