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Sensors 2014, 14(1), 691-708; doi:10.3390/s140100691

Advanced Technologies for the Improvement of Spray Application Techniques in Spanish Viticulture: An Overview

1,* , 2
1 Department of Agri Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Esteve Terradas 8, Campus del Baix Llobregat D4, 08860 Castelledfels, Barcelona, Spain 2 Department of Agricultural and Forest Engineering, Research Group in AgroICT & Precision Agriculture, Universitat de Lleida, Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Catalonia, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2013 / Revised: 16 November 2013 / Accepted: 18 November 2013 / Published: 2 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain 2013)
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Spraying techniques have been undergoing continuous evolution in recent decades. This paper presents part of the research work carried out in Spain in the field of sensors for characterizing vineyard canopies and monitoring spray drift in order to improve vineyard spraying and make it more sustainable. Some methods and geostatistical procedures for mapping vineyard parameters are proposed, and the development of a variable rate sprayer is described. All these technologies are interesting in terms of adjusting the amount of pesticides applied to the target canopy.
Keywords: vineyard; spraying techniques; precision viticulture; LIDAR; ultrasound vineyard; spraying techniques; precision viticulture; LIDAR; ultrasound
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gil, E.; Arnó, J.; Llorens, J.; Sanz, R.; Llop, J.; Rosell-Polo, J.R.; Gallart, M.; Escolà, A. Advanced Technologies for the Improvement of Spray Application Techniques in Spanish Viticulture: An Overview. Sensors 2014, 14, 691-708.

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