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The Development of Micromachined Gyroscope Structure and Circuitry Technology
AbstractThis review surveys micromachined gyroscope structure and circuitry technology. The principle of micromachined gyroscopes is first introduced. Then, different kinds of MEMS gyroscope structures, materials and fabrication technologies are illustrated. Micromachined gyroscopes are mainly categorized into micromachined vibrating gyroscopes (MVGs), piezoelectric vibrating gyroscopes (PVGs), surface acoustic wave (SAW) gyroscopes, bulk acoustic wave (BAW) gyroscopes, micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscopes (MESGs), magnetically suspended gyroscopes (MSGs), micro fiber optic gyroscopes (MFOGs), micro fluid gyroscopes (MFGs), micro atom gyroscopes (MAGs), and special micromachined gyroscopes. Next, the control electronics of micromachined gyroscopes are analyzed. The control circuits are categorized into typical circuitry and special circuitry technologies. The typical circuitry technologies include typical analog circuitry and digital circuitry, while the special circuitry consists of sigma delta, mode matching, temperature/quadrature compensation and novel special technologies. Finally, the characteristics of various typical gyroscopes and their development tendency are discussed and investigated in detail.
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Xia, D.; Yu, C.; Kong, L. The Development of Micromachined Gyroscope Structure and Circuitry Technology. Sensors 2014, 14, 1394-1473.View more citation formats
Xia D, Yu C, Kong L. The Development of Micromachined Gyroscope Structure and Circuitry Technology. Sensors. 2014; 14(1):1394-1473.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xia, Dunzhu; Yu, Cheng; Kong, Lun. 2014. "The Development of Micromachined Gyroscope Structure and Circuitry Technology." Sensors 14, no. 1: 1394-1473.