Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Sensors 2014, 14(1), 1228-1248; doi:10.3390/s140101228
Article

Possibilities of a Personal Laser Scanning System for Forest Mapping and Ecosystem Services

1,* , 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
 and 1,2
Received: 28 November 2013; in revised form: 6 January 2014 / Accepted: 7 January 2014 / Published: 10 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [897 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]
Abstract: A professional-quality, personal laser scanning (PLS) system for collecting tree attributes was demonstrated in this paper. The applied system, which is wearable by human operators, consists of a multi-constellation navigation system and an ultra-high-speed phase-shift laser scanner mounted on a rigid baseplate and consisting of a single sensor block. A multipass-corridor-mapping method was developed to process PLS data and a 2,000 m2 forest plot was utilized in the test. The tree stem detection accuracy was 82.6%; the root mean square error (RMSE) of the estimates of tree diameter at breast height (DBH) was 5.06 cm; the RMSE of the estimates of tree location was 0.38 m. The relative RMSE of the DBH estimates was 14.63%. The results showed, for the first time, the potential of the PLS system in mapping large forest plots. Further research on mapping accuracy in various forest conditions, data correction methods and multi-sensoral positioning techniques is needed. The utilization of this system in different applications, such as harvester operations, should also be explored. In addition to collecting tree-level and plot-level data for forest inventory, other possible applications of PLS for forest ecosystem services include mapping of canopy gaps, measuring leaf area index of large areas, documenting and visualizing forest routes feasible for recreation, hiking and berry and mushroom picking.
Keywords: forest; ecosystem service; laser scanning; LIDAR; point cloud; personal laser scanning; PLS; wearable forest; ecosystem service; laser scanning; LIDAR; point cloud; personal laser scanning; PLS; wearable
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, X.; Kukko, A.; Kaartinen, H.; Hyyppä, J.; Yu, X.; Jaakkola, A.; Wang, Y. Possibilities of a Personal Laser Scanning System for Forest Mapping and Ecosystem Services. Sensors 2014, 14, 1228-1248.

AMA Style

Liang X, Kukko A, Kaartinen H, Hyyppä J, Yu X, Jaakkola A, Wang Y. Possibilities of a Personal Laser Scanning System for Forest Mapping and Ecosystem Services. Sensors. 2014; 14(1):1228-1248.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Xinlian; Kukko, Antero; Kaartinen, Harri; Hyyppä, Juha; Yu, Xiaowei; Jaakkola, Anttoni; Wang, Yunsheng. 2014. "Possibilities of a Personal Laser Scanning System for Forest Mapping and Ecosystem Services." Sensors 14, no. 1: 1228-1248.


Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert