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A Linearization Time-Domain CMOS Smart Temperature Sensor Using a Curvature Compensation Oscillator
Department of Electronic Engineering, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung, 811, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 July 2013; in revised form: 7 August 2013 / Accepted: 16 August 2013 / Published: 28 August 2013
Abstract: This paper presents an area-efficient time-domain CMOS smart temperature sensor using a curvature compensation oscillator for linearity enhancement with a −40 to 120 °C temperature range operability. The inverter-based smart temperature sensors can substantially reduce the cost and circuit complexity of integrated temperature sensors. However, a large curvature exists on the temperature-to-time transfer curve of the inverter-based delay line and results in poor linearity of the sensor output. For cost reduction and error improvement, a temperature-to-pulse generator composed of a ring oscillator and a time amplifier was used to generate a thermal sensing pulse with a sufficient width proportional to the absolute temperature (PTAT). Then, a simple but effective on-chip curvature compensation oscillator is proposed to simultaneously count and compensate the PTAT pulse with curvature for linearization. With such a simple structure, the proposed sensor possesses an extremely small area of 0.07 mm2 in a TSMC 0.35-mm CMOS 2P4M digital process. By using an oscillator-based scheme design, the proposed sensor achieves a fine resolution of 0.045 °C without significantly increasing the circuit area. With the curvature compensation, the inaccuracy of −1.2 to 0.2 °C is achieved in an operation range of −40 to 120 °C after two-point calibration for 14 packaged chips. The power consumption is measured as 23 mW at a sample rate of 10 samples/s.
Keywords: curvature compensation; smart temperature sensor; oscillator; time-domain; delay line
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MDPI and ACS Style
Chen, C.-C.; Chen, H.-W. A Linearization Time-Domain CMOS Smart Temperature Sensor Using a Curvature Compensation Oscillator. Sensors 2013, 13, 11439-11452.
Chen C-C, Chen H-W. A Linearization Time-Domain CMOS Smart Temperature Sensor Using a Curvature Compensation Oscillator. Sensors. 2013; 13(9):11439-11452.
Chen, Chun-Chi; Chen, Hao-Wen. 2013. "A Linearization Time-Domain CMOS Smart Temperature Sensor Using a Curvature Compensation Oscillator." Sensors 13, no. 9: 11439-11452.